Oushod Sheba

Oushod Sheba

All category



10 MG/5 ML


Generic Information

Generic name



Diphenhydramine is indicated for the treatment of followings: Seasonal, perennial, vasomotor rhinitis Urticaria, angioneurotic oedema, anaphylaxis Pruiritic conditions Premedication for emesis and motion sickness Miscellaneous like meniere's disease and parkins

Therapeutic Class

Sedating Anti-histamine


Diphenhydramine is an antihistamine with anticholinergic and sedative effects. It competes with histamine for H1-receptor sites on effector cells in the GI tract, blood vessels and respiratory tract.

Dosage & Administration

Adult- Most allergic conditions: 25-50 mg three times a day with a further 50 mg at night. Children- 1 to 5 years of age: 5 mg i.e., 2.5 ml of elixir 4 times a day More than 6 years of age: 10 mg i.e. 5 ml of elixir 4 times a day


Diphenhydramine administration significantly reduces the absorption of the antituberculous agent para-aminosalicyclic acid (PAS) from the gastrointestinal tract. CNS depressants may potentiate the sedative action of Diphenhydramine. Anticholinergic drugs may potentiate Diphenhydramine8s anticholinergic side effects.


Known hypersensitivity to Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride, Ammonium chloride is contra-indicated in presence of impaired hepatic or renal function.

Side Effects

Side effect includes sedation, dizziness, tinnitus, fatigue, ataxia, blurred vision, diplopia, euphoria, and epigastric discomfort.

Pregnancy & Lactation

Category B: There are no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women using diphenhydramine hydrochloride. Therefore, diphenhydramine hydrochloride should be used in pregnancy only if clearly needed. Diphenhydramine hydrochloride has been reported to be excreted in breast milk and thus, use of diphenhydramine hydrochloride in lactating mother is not recommended.

Overdose Effects

Symptoms: Impaired consciousness8 psychosis, seizures, antimuscarinic symptoms (e.g. mydriasis, tachycardia, tachyarrhythmias), resp failure, rhabdomyolysis; acute delirium with visual and auditory hallucination (topical). Management: Supportive and symptomatic treatment. Convulsions and marked CNS stimulation may be treated with IV diazepam.

Precaution & Warnings

Caution should be exercised with patients in whom drowsiness is undesirable e.g., drivers, machine operators. Concomitant consumption of alcohol or central nervous system (CNS) depressants will potentiate drowsiness.

Storage Conditions

Store between 15-308 C. Protect from moisture.